ApplicationTestCase.javaAPI DocAndroid 1.5 API6548Wed May 06 22:42:02 BST 2009android.test


public abstract class ApplicationTestCase extends AndroidTestCase
This test case provides a framework in which you can test Application classes in a controlled environment. It provides basic support for the lifecycle of a Application, and hooks by which you can inject various dependencies and control the environment in which your Application is tested.

Lifecycle Support. Every Application is designed to be accessed within a specific sequence of method calls (see {@link} for more details). In order to support the lifecycle of a Application, this test case will make the following calls at the following times.

  • The test case will not call onCreate() until your test calls {@link #createApplication()}. This gives you a chance to set up or adjust any additional framework or test logic before onCreate().
  • After your test completes, the test case {@link #tearDown} method is automatically called, and it will stop & destroy your application by calling its onDestroy() method.

Dependency Injection. Every Application has one inherent dependency, the {@link android.content.Context Context} in which it runs. This framework allows you to inject a modified, mock, or isolated replacement for this dependencies, and thus perform a true unit test.

If simply run your tests as-is, your Application will be injected with a fully-functional Context. You can create and inject alternative types of Contexts by calling {@link AndroidTestCase#setContext(Context) setContext()}. You must do this before calling startApplication(). The test framework provides a number of alternatives for Context, including {@link android.test.mock.MockContext MockContext}, {@link android.test.RenamingDelegatingContext RenamingDelegatingContext}, and {@link android.content.ContextWrapper ContextWrapper}.

Fields Summary
private android.content.Context
private T
private boolean
private boolean
Constructors Summary
public ApplicationTestCase(Class applicationClass)

        mApplicationClass = applicationClass;
Methods Summary
protected final voidcreateApplication()
Start the Application under test, in the same way as if it was started by the system. If you use this method to start the Application, it will automatically be stopped by {@link #tearDown}. If you wish to inject a specialized Context for your test, by calling {@link AndroidTestCase#setContext(Context) setContext()}, you must do so before calling this method.

        if (!mAttached) {
        mCreated = true;
public TgetApplication()

Returns the actual Application under test.

        return mApplication;
public android.content.ContextgetSystemContext()
Return a real (not mocked or instrumented) system Context that can be used when generating Mock or other Context objects for your Application under test.

Returns a reference to a normal Context.

        return mSystemContext;
protected voidsetUp()
This will do the work to instantiate the Application under test. After this, your test code must also start and stop the Application.

        // get the real context, before the individual tests have a chance to muck with it
        mSystemContext = getContext();
private voidsetupApplication()
Load and attach the application under test.

        mApplication = null;
        try {
            mApplication = (T) Instrumentation.newApplication(mApplicationClass, getContext());
        } catch (Exception e) {
        mAttached = true;
protected voidtearDown()
Shuts down the Application under test. Also makes sure all resources are cleaned up and garbage collected before moving on to the next test. Subclasses that override this method should make sure they call super.tearDown() at the end of the overriding method.


        mApplication = null;

        // Scrub out members - protects against memory leaks in the case where someone 
        // creates a non-static inner class (thus referencing the test case) and gives it to
        // someone else to hold onto

protected final voidterminateApplication()
This will make the necessary calls to terminate the Application under test (it will call onTerminate(). Ordinarily this will be called automatically (by {@link #tearDown}, but you can call it directly from your test in order to check for proper shutdown behaviors.

        if (mCreated) {
public final voidtestApplicationTestCaseSetUpProperly()
This test simply confirms that the Application class can be instantiated properly.


        assertNotNull("Application class could not be instantiated successfully", mApplication);